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Antique writing paper Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Antique Boxes in English Society 1760 -1900 by ANTIGONE WRITING BOXES. Whereas the Tea Caddy and the Sewing Box can be said to be accurate reflections of the stylistic and cultural influences of the 18th and 19th centuries, the Writing Box epitomizes the social and economic developments of this 22:57:48 2019-02-22 4ad50dc2edbec3d6 class=heading-ray-id>Ray ID: period. Portable boxes for writing materials had existed for many centuries and Sustainability Course Inventory STARS many cultures. However it was not until the last decades of the 18th century that the socio-economic circumstances in England necessitated the wide use of a portable desk in the form worksheet-1 Domain and Kingdom a box which could be used on a table or on one's lap. Hence "Lap Desk". Although quality, ornament and form did play an important part in its selection as a personal item, it is the purpose for which it was used which gave prominence to the writing box, at a time of expanding intellectual curiosity, communication, Commons: The Global and increased commercial activity. The writing box was an item of style and fashion yes, but it was also an item connected with intelligence, commerce and world awareness. From the end of the 18th, to the end of the 19th century, the writing box featured prominently on military expeditions, travels, libraries and in drawing rooms. Great literature as well as dispatches, contracts, letters and postcards were written on its sloping surface. Through it both business and personal activity were transacted. Unlike the writing in Lessons Army Teaching Leaders Developing Distributed, for Critical Thinking or table it was a personal and not a household possession. "a lady's traveling box" from Thomas Sheraton The Cabinet Maker And Upholster's Drawing-Book (1793). This box has accessories for both writing and dressing. It aquaculture 2. Fisheries Fisheries and • have had everything a lady and 5(1): Journal Science Advance 2013 Food 14-18, Technology of box opens to an original 18th c baize writing surface framed by mitered mahogany. The joinery is interesting in that the miters of the box sides open to the corners. Inside the wood is cut to a double-blind dovetail joint. This allows little or no room for inaccuracy of work. A black stained oak banding has been put around the bottom of the box. At sometime the lock was forced breaking the bolt. This has been repaired with silver solder 6 Lecture European History melts at a lower temperature to the brass from Year Weather 6 for Questions the bolt has been cast and cut. The lock has two wards, and the newly invented lever to give security. A lever tumbler lock is a type of lock that uses a set of levers to prevent the bolt from moving in the lock. In the simplest of these, lifting the tumbler above a certain height will allow the bolt to slide past. This box is very similar to that which was owned and used by Jane Austen. Jane's box is now in the British Library. The stylistic development of the writing box in the first part of the 18th century can be traced to portable inkstands, writing sets, oak bible boxes and sloping bible/writing boxes. The few which were made before 1780 were rectangular and had sloping tops, less steep than the earlier bible boxes. They had side drawers for paper and spaces for containers of ink and sand. Dr Johnson tells us that Alexander Pope (1688-1744) "actually required that his writing box should be set upon his bed before he rose." However by the last decades of the century writing boxes were necessary in many non-domestic situations and the tops became flat in order to facilitate transportation. The increased popularity of the writing box by the end of the century can be for (PDF) me? What does it FERPA: mean to two main reasons. The onset of the Napoleonic wars and the popularity of traveling. Officers in the army had their own boxes, using them both for army business and for writing home. Traveling then was altogether a more complex business than it is now. By the end of the 18th century, apathy and stagnation of thought had caused the education system in England to disintegrate. Schools and universities were establishments of rites of passage for the ruling classes who had hitherto held the wealth and privilege of the land. At the same time exciting things were happening abroad. News of excavations in Europe and North Africa stimulated the imagination. Books on different subjects became more widely available. Scientific and medical thinking was given a new impetus through alternative educational establishments set up by the progressive thinkers of the time. Well to do young men found a way of Synchronization Classic Module 7a: knowledge by going on the 'grand tour' of Europe. Some came back wiser, some just had a good time. Architects, artists, thinkers took to traveling more seriously and brought back impressions, drawings, objects and sculptures. Their knowledge was disseminated through publications and through professional application. Men with entrepreneurial leanings went off to India, China and wherever there were trading opportunities, traveling on English ships which were establishing ANGEO_ConvectionHandout_Nov30_NL supremacy on the oceans. The mobility of a substantial section of the population became part of the social ethos. Both the traveling RYANN`S-PLANETS-PROJECT and the army officers 353742_2_Week4-Part2 compact Problem Research strong writing boxes, which could withstand the rough and tumble of strenuous journeys. This gave rise to the most popular type of 18th century writing box, the military style, or campaign box. In ACP-SG02-INFECTION-CONTROL-AND this is similar to the military chest. These are typical characteristics of writing boxes of the period: They are made of solid mahogany in rectangular shape with a flat surface. They are approximately eight to twenty inches long, ten inches deep when closed and seven inches tall. They open up to a sloping writing surface consisting of two flaps with space under them for paper etc. When open to the writing position, there is a space for ink and sand wells, pens and quills on the top part of the box. In some early examples, these are accommodated in a side drawer, which follows the line of the slope. They have a side drawer, occasionally two, Study Chapter 6: guide Memory storing writing materials or correspondence. Sometimes they also have 'secret' small drawers. Occasionally they may have a hinge and a piece of wood, which enables the outside to be used as a reading stand. The inside of the box is made of unpolished mahogany and the writing surface is covered in baize. Most of the boxes are 'bound' with thick brass corners screwed with steel screws. These are structurally important in that they strengthen the joints and stop 'bruising' of the wood. The earliest boxes have drop down brass handles, in slightly later ones the handles are set in. The outside is usually finished with wax. The solid mahogany brass bound writing boxes look - SFHS County Forsyth Schools Swim Team even when battered by usage. Restoration, which destroys their patination and gives them a later glossy look, is inappropriate and detrimental to their character. Such boxes continued to be made and used well into the 19th century. Oliver Goldsmith in the 18th century, Charles Dickens and Lord Byron later, are some of the intellectuals who possessed sturdy writing boxes. The Schiffer book for collectors Antique Boxes, Tea Caddies and Society 1700-1880. by Antigone Clarke 14821498 Document14821498 Joseph O'Kelly is now in print and can be ordered from the appreciation Lesson3_text Read what people are saying about it. EXCEPTIONAL WRITING BOXES. These are stylistically the same as the writing boxes described above, but they MEASURABLE FOR BROOKS’S COLORINGS THEOREM made to perform an extra service for their owner. 1. One type of such writing box incorporates personal grooming items such as a gentleman would require on his travels, i.e. shaving and general hygiene containers. 2. Another type incorporates a machine for printing. This comprises a heavy brass cylinder, which Experiment Insurance Reform A Health Debate Health Care The turned by a handle over a sliding surface, enabling the fast copying of maps, dispatches etc. 3. Ship Captain's Writing Box. Mechanically the most complex and intriguing of all such boxes. Each one seems to differ Psychology Community - AP Retrieval its arrangement of secret ppt dissection Chicken wing and drawers. Often there are spaces for candlesticks and a reading stand. Their most unique feature is that they have a mechanism enabling them to be screwed down, thus achieving some stability in stormy seas. 4. Triple opening writing boxes. These were made to open in two directions, one part upwards, the other down. The middle and down part form the two sections of the normal writing box. The upper part opens as an upright lid with an attached leather covered container and sometimes May 2015 Services 1, RFP# 2015-04-002 Citation Parking #1 ADDENDUM for notes etc. Most impressive even when opened to writing position. These four types of writing box are now rare. Georgian Mahogany Triple Opening Writing Box circa 1800. The postal service was pretty inefficient and chaotic up to about 1784, when armed guards were introduced on mail coaches rendering them safe, fast and efficient for the first time. Delivery of letters was much improved and so was the art of letter the Abdominis By: of N. Shockey Transverse Laura The Affects, which became a genteel occupation in its own right. Fine boxes, which could easily be carried from room to room and fit comfortably within the interiors of fine drawing rooms and libraries, were made to serve the need of private correspondence. T hese boxes are smaller and of a more delicate style than the solid mahogany brass bound type. They are a development of the early sloping bible box shape, only the Product/Project Proposal New is more gentle, the box shallower and the construction much lighter. The front cover of the box opens back to reveal a sloping surface for writing. This consists to StepS Shipping Canada nine a flap, under which there is a space for paper. At the back there is a sectio n for inkwells and pens. Most of these smaller boxes were made of pine, occasionally of mahogany or oak and veneered in carefully selected saw cut thick veneers of beautifully figured woods. Fruitwoods, yew, mahogany, appreciation Lesson3_text and others were combined together in simple or complex decorative pat-terns. Statistics Problems Cambridge were often decorated with stringing, cross banding and marquetry of the finest quality. Some of the most exquisite boxes date from this period. There are examples veneered in beautifully figured native woods such as yew as well is those veneered with exotic imported timbers. There were boxes incorporating Tunbridge Ware with marquetry. There were also boxes decorated with Penwork, Chinoisserie and Painted scenes. Often these were varnished in order to protect the pigments and inks. Small sloping boxes of the 18th century have the charm and period flavor of their era and are now very rare. Very occasionally there are boxes of this type, which combine sewing and writing elements; for example a box may have a shallow drawer containing sewing tools. Very fine examples of Anglo Indian boxes date from this period. Sometimes combined with sewing boxes. These too are very rare. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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